NMN的作用

What does NMN do

NMN已被证明可以提高一种重要分子的水平,这种分子在400多种被称为烟酰胺腺嘌呤二核苷酸(NAD+)的代谢反应中起着关键作用。随着年龄的增长,NAD+水平的下降与动物(如小鼠和大鼠,甚至人类)的年龄相关疾病有关,但随着NMN的增加,NAD+可以改善这些疾病。

与年龄相关的NAD+水平降低与大量与年龄相关的人类疾病有关,一些研究提供了证据,表明增加NAD+可以对抗这些疾病。例如,一项研究表明,补充NMN可以提高老年男性的肌肉功能,而另一项研究表明,它可以提高老年女性的胰岛素敏感性。

来自哈佛大学和华盛顿大学等研究所的NMN研究表明,补充这种分子或促进NMN的合成可以在啮齿动物衰老过程中促进寿命和健康。辛克莱和他的同事发现,当老年小鼠饮用注入NMN的水时,它们的跑步耐力几乎翻了一番。进一步的研究表明,给小鼠注射NMN可以在衰老过程中保留认知。此外,Imai和他的同事的一项研究表明,NMN合成的激增使小鼠的剩余寿命增加了一倍以上。

(Das et al., 2018 | Cell)
NMN显著增强了老年小鼠的跑步耐力。老年小鼠(20个月大)在饮用水中给予400 mg/kg NMN后,在精疲力竭停止跑步之前,它们的跑步时间显著延长。
(Tarantini et al., 2019 | Redox Biology)
NMN提供了神经保护的好处,以保持老年小鼠的认知。显示小鼠从水迷宫中逃脱的热图表明,老年小鼠比年轻小鼠犯更多的错误,但服用NMN可以改善这些错误。右边的图表显示,在水迷宫中,老年小鼠比年轻小鼠犯下明显更多的记忆错误,但NMN挽救了老年小鼠的记忆。这些发现支持NMN在衰老过程中增强认知能力。
(Yoshida et al., 2019 | Cell Metabolism)
给小鼠注射一种驱动NMN合成的酶,使雌性小鼠的剩余寿命增加一倍以上。给雌性小鼠注射含有NMN合成酶烟酰胺磷酸核糖基转移酶(NAMPT)的囊泡,使其剩余寿命增加一倍以上(图J)。NMN合成的激增也改善了整体健康状况,从小鼠皮毛的健康状况可以看出(在图K中,小鼠顶部注射了含有NAMPT的囊泡)。
(Hong et al., 2021 | Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology)
NMN通过提高NAD+水平来改善一些与年龄相关的疾病。NMN的健康相关益处延伸到从心脏到眼睛到大脑的组织。

服用NMN可能会为抗击与年龄相关的疾病和疾病提供一种有希望的手段。以下是阐明NMN潜在好处的主要研究摘要。

 

Research Category Summary / Conclusion Mouse / Rat Human Pig
Bone Repair
  • Rejuvenates bone marrow stem cells and promotes bone formation.2, 34, 35, 36
Cancer
  • Enhances tumor suppression effect of immunotherapies.3, 38, 46
  • Reduces toxic side effects of chemotherapies.37, 39
Cardiovascular
  • Restores heart and blood vessel function.4, 23, 25, 40, 42, 78
  • Protects heart against damage after heart attack.41, 43
  • Prevents heart failure by promoting the health of mitochondria.44
DNA Repair
  • Enhances DNA repair mechanisms. 18
Eye Protection
  • Promotes eye recovery after injury.6, 31
  • Improves dry eye by reducing inflammation and increasing oil secretion.17, 45
Immunity
  • Promotes recovery from COVID-19.7
  • Reduces severe allergic reaction.50
  • Reduces inflammation by supressing immune cell activation.51
Longevity
  • Doubles lifespan.8
  • Restores cardiovascular, cognitive, and metabolic decline.20
  • Doubles telomere length.5, 52
Metabolism
  • Improves insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism.9, 27, 48, 49
  • Enhances energy production by rejuvenating mitochondria.21, 29, 47
Neurological
  • Improves cognitive deficits and brain defects in Alzheimer's.10, 53, 54, 64
  • Improves age-related cognitive impairment and protects against blood vessel and brain damage.55, 56, 57, 59, 61, 62, 63, 65
  • Promotes brain function recovery after hemorrhage and stroke.12, 58
  • Protects against neurodegeneration and cognitive impairments associated with diabetes.60
  • Reduces stroke caused from high salt consumption.33
  • Redcues depressive behavior.11
Reproduction
  • Improves fertility and age-related decline in oocyte (egg) qaulity.13, 66
  • Protects oocytes against environmental toxins.19
Skin and Muscle
  • Increases muscle strength and improves exercise endurance.9, 69, 71, 72
  • Protects against skin aging.68, 70
Organ Health
  • Reduces alcohol-induced liver damage.14
  • Reduces liver scarring.16
  • Protects against kidney damage.15, 74
  • Rejuvenates age-related decline of intestines.75, 76
Mechanism
  • A protein that transports NMN into cells has been identified.1
  • Induces metabolic shift in damaged cells to promote survival.77

 

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